Princes and Princesses of the Enlightenment

1

Francis

Bacon

1561

1626

Scientific Method

2

Isaac

Newton

1642

1727

Laws of Motion

3

John

Locke

1632

1704

liberalism

4

Immanuel

Kant

1724

1804

 

5

Rene

Descartes

 

 

 

6

Francois-Marie Arouet De

Voltaire

1694

1778

Reason

7

Wilhelm Gottfried

Leibnitz

1646

1716

Calculus

8

Wolfgang Amadeus

Mozart

1756

1791

 

9

Jean-Jacques

Rousseau

1712

1778

Faith

10

Edward

Gibbon

1737

1794

skepticism

11

Catherine Sawbridge

Macaulay

1731

1791

women's education

12

Cesare

Beccaria

1735

1794

Justice

13

Jean Le Rond

d'Alembert

1717

1783

 

14

Denis

Diderot

1713

1784

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

16

Pierre Augustin Caron De

Beaumarchais

1732

1799

Le Mariage De Figaro

17

Marquis De

Condorcet

1743

1794

Progress of the Human Mind

18

Roger

Cotes

1682

1716

 

19

Georges Louis Leclerc, Comte De

Buffon

1707

1788

Classification

20

Joseph

Priestley

1733

1804

organized research

21

Benjamin

Franklin

1706

1790

 

22

Pierre 

Bayle

1647

1706

 

23

Anthony  Ashley Cooper, Earl of

Shaftesbury

1671

1713

 

24

Anthony        

Collins

1676

1729

free thinking

25

Charles de Secondat

Montesquieu

1689

1755

Reason

26

David

Hume

1711

1776

skepticism

27

Thomas

Jefferson

1743

1826

Decleration of Independence

28

Thomas

Paine

1737

1809

Common Sense

29

Julien Offrey

de la Mettrie

1709

1751

Man as Machine

30

David

Hartley

1705

1757

associationism

31

Thomas

Reid

1710

1796

 

32

Etienne Bonnot De

Condillac

1714

1780

 

33

Bernard

Mandeville

1670

1733

self interest

34

Alexander

Pope

1688

1744

 

35

John

Cleland

1710

1789

pleasure

36

Adam

Smith

1723

1790

invisble hand

37

Jeremy

Bentham

1748

1833

Ulitarianism

38

Edward

Burke

1729

1797

fear & terror

39

James

Madison

1751

1836

Federalism

40

Francois

Quesnay

1684

1774

Laissez Faire

41

Giambattista

Vico

1668

1744

developemtal history

42

Cesar Chesneau

Dumarsais

1676

1756

 

43

Paul Henri Thiry, Baron

D'Holbach

1723

1789

Aetheism

44

Claude Adrien

Helevetius

1715

1771

pleasure and pain

45

Anne Robert Jacques

Turgot

1727

1781

historical progress

46

Alexander

Hamilton

1755

1804

Federalism

47

John

Jay

1745

1829

Federalism

48

William

Godwin

1756

1836

Anarchism

49

John

Howard

1726

1790

Prison Reform

50

Mary

Astell

1666

1731

Feminism

51

Olympia de

Gouges

1748

1793

Women's Rights

52

Mary

Wollstonecraft

1759

1797

Rights of Women

53

John

Woolman

1720

1772

Anti-Slavery

 

 

 

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