The Sequoia Index
Friends of Sequoias -developing an interest group to promote Sequoia Sciences and Awareness.
Sequoia References - Coming
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE GIANT SEQUOIA NATIONAL MONUMENT - A
PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ALERT: FIRES IN SEQUIA NATIONAL PARK ARE THREATINING THE GIANT SEQUOIAS.
Sequoia: genus of
conifers of the bald cypress family (Taxodiaceae), comprising one species,
Sequoia sempervirens (redwood; ). The big tree , or giant sequoia
(Sequoiadendron giganteum; see ), is sometimes included in this genus. The
redwood is native in the fog belt of the Coast Ranges from southern
Monterey county, Calif., to southern Oregon, U.S., and the big tree occurs
in scattered groves on the westerly slopes of the Sierra Nevada from
Placer to Tulare counties in California. Fossil remains of Sequoia as old
as the Jurassic period (208 to 144 million years ago) are widely dispersed
in the Northern Hemisphere. The bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) and dawn
redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides) are closely related to Sequoia. The
generic name commemorates the great Cherokee Indian Sequoyah (or Sequoya).
The big tree is distinguished from the coastal redwood by having uniformly scalelike, or awl-shaped, leaves that lie close against the branches, scaleless winter buds, and cones requiring two seasons to mature. The pyramidal tree shape, reddish brown furrowed bark, and drooping branches are common to both genera. The largest specimen is the General Sherman tree in Sequoia National Park. This tree measures 31 m (101.5 feet) in circumference at its base, is 83 m (272.4 feet) tall, and has a total estimated weight of 6,167 tons. A few specimens are more than 90 m (300 feet) high but have less bulk than the General Sherman tree. Although several groves of big trees were cut, the big tree's lumber is more brittle than that of the redwood; since the lumber is less desirable, it has been easier to save the big trees from destruction. Most of the 70 distinct groves are now under the protection of state or national forests or parks.[From the Encyclopedia Britannica]
The Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is truly a majestic and unique specimen of the plant world. A cousin of the Redwood, many believe it to be the largest living organism on earth. Reaching recorded heights of more than 300 feet and diameters of nearly 30 feet; the Giant Sequoia dwarfs the other trees that share space with it in the mixed conifer forest. The Boole Tree is the largest Giant Sequoia on National Forest land.
California Wild Heritage Act of 2002 To designate certain public lands as wilderness and certain rivers as wild and scenic rivers in the State of California, to designate Salmon Restoration Areas, to establish the Sacramento River National Conservation Area and Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest, and for other purposes. Another important element.